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Friday, March 11, 2016



Stage-I : Engineering Services (Preliminary/Stage-I) Examination (Objective Type Papers)

Paper-I : {Common for all Candidates} 

General Studies and Engineering Aptitude Paper 2 hours duration 200 Marks (max.) 

Paper-II : Engineering Discipline-specific Paper 3 hours duration 300 Marks (max.)

Stage-I : Sub-Total 500 Marks (max.) 

Minimum Qualifying Marks for each Paper should be at the discretion of the Commission. 

Only those candidates qualifying at this Stage to be permitted to appear for Stage-II examination

Stage-II : Engineering Services (Mains/Stage-II)) Examination (Conventional Type Papers) 

Paper-I : Engineering Discipline-specific , 3 hours duration 300 Marks (max.) 
Paper-II : Engineering Discipline-specific ,3 hours duration 300 Marks (max.) 

Stage-II : Sub-Total 600 Marks (max.) 

Stage-I + Stage-II Sub-Total 1100 Marks (max.) 

Only those Candidates qualifying at this Stage (i.e. Stage-I + Stage-II) to be permitted to appear for Stage-III examination 

Stage-III : Personality Test 200 Marks (max.) 

Stage-I + Stage-II + Stage-III   Grand Total 1300 Marks (max.) 

Only those Candidates qualifying at this Stage (i.e. Stage I + Stage II + Stage III) to be included in the Final Merit List of Engg. Services Exam. 

Thus the marks secured by the candidates in the Stage-I (Objective type papers) of the Engineering Services Examination should be added to the marks secured in the Stage-II (Conventional type papers) of the Examination and Stage-III (Personality Test) and accordingly, such marks secured by the candidates in Stage-I should also be counted for merit.


(Stage-I, Paper-I)

General Studies and Engineering Aptitude 
(Stage I - Paper I, Objective type, Common to all Candidates, 2 hours duration, 200 Marks maximum) 

The questions from the following Topics will be set in Paper-I of Stage-I 

1. Current issues of national and international importance relating to social, economic and industrial development 
2. Engineering Aptitude covering Logical reasoning and Analytical ability 
3. Engineering Mathematics and Numerical Analysis 
4. General Principles of Design, Drawing, Importance of Safety 
5. Standards and Quality practices in production, construction, maintenance and services 
6. Basics of Energy and Environment : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation,        Climate Change, Environmental impact assessment 
7. Basics of Project Management 
8. Basics of Material Science and Engineering 
9. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) based tools and their applications in Engineering such as networking, e-governance and technology based education. 
10. Ethics and values in Engineering profession 


Note: The paper in General Studies and Engineering Aptitude will include Knowledge of relevant topics as may be expected from an engineering graduate, without special study. Questions from all the 10 topics mentioned above shall be set. Marks for each Topic may range from 5% to 15% of the total marks in the paper. 

Friday, February 26, 2016

What matters most for cracking IES, GATE ?

For last few months, I am receiving spate of phone calls, emails from future aspirants of GATE & IES regarding what should be within us to crack it & even appear for such exams. Many aspirants are apprehensive whether they can clear these exams coz' they have less CGPA during graduation. 

I am writing this to clear such doubts for my friends who are preparing for these exams.

At this outset, I would like to give following advise to all who are preparing or planning to appear in these exams.

1. Do not think about past academic performance while preparing for these exams. What & how you will prepare will matter most. 

2. Going for coaching is a personal decision but in one of my blogs I have mentioned that, if you prepare well from the standard text books, there is no need for spending money on coaching, Save your money for party later on when you get selected. 

3. Forget about your 8 semesters of engineering studies, only 30% study with full sincerity rest we all know how Engineers pass their exams. Plan your studies with special reference to the syllabus & pattern of past year question papers.

4. Somebody emailed me to inform me that he was happy that he could solve one numerical asked in IES. What is so abnormal in it, if you have your basics right, you can solve it. Questions asked are not tough but they assume that you will apply your basics of engineering into it to solve them. 

5. Time management is very important, whether during preparations, or during solving questions during exam. 

6. Most importantly, do not forget to party in between your preparations for relaxing. I took 2 months break after getting through with my Paper-I syllabus. Attack again with rejuvenated spirit & zeal !

7. Remember GAT of IES as scoring paper & maximize your scores there.

8. Also, gain tremendous confidence to defend your stance, this will be helpful during interview when they will be assessing your personality to take very responsible Engineering Services job of Govt. of India. 

9. Believe me guys, there is nothing better than Class-I officer in India. 

So cheer up, forget past misdeeds, engage girl friends, party hard & prepare well. All the best who are reading this during their preparations !!

Thursday, August 20, 2015

IRSME Officer to be next CMD of Air India

Sh Ashwani Lohani, IRSME officer to be next CMD of ailing Air India, move expected to revive the sick airline. Proud moment indeed.

IRSME Officer to be next CMD of Air India

Saturday, April 11, 2015

Zonal Allotments to IRSME 2012 Batch at Indian Railways

Its been over a year since I joined Railways after clearing IES 2012, yesterday I got my zonal allocation and got my first choice ie West Central Railway


In order to get zonal railway of your choice its very important that you get good rank so as to avoid unnecessary frustration of working in some areas not of your comfort and choice. Having said that it doesn't mean that we continue to work in same zone for whole career but its good to start well from your comfort area especially when the job is new.

Just share !!

Wednesday, March 18, 2015

UPSC IES -Mechanical Engineering Final Snapshot for revision

Final snapshot of what needs to be focused during final revision is a must for any serious aspirant. This decides a definite syllabus to be attacked in order to crack the examination. Go through it and customize your final strategies accordingly.

Paper I:


  • TD Relations, Availability, IC Engines-Theory +Questions, Turbojet Numerical
  • RAC: Psychometrics, Bell, VC, VA, Air Refri
  • HT: Conduction (Res Concept), HX, Fins , Convection, Radiation ( Fg, emissivity, energy balance concepts)
  • FM:  B Application, Pitot, Similitude, B  Layer, Kinematics, Pipe Flow
  • Compressible Flow : Isentropic flow, Fanno, Rayleigh + Derivations
  • Fluid M/c: Pump, Compressors, Steam turbines, (concepts –vel diagram)

Objectives: 40 Q(FM)+ 25(HT+RAC) +30(TD,ICE)+25(FM-2)

Concepts grounding:
  • .       TD Relations: Tds Equations, joule coeff, C-C Eq, Availability ( 1st law + 2nd law)
  • .       Cycles of RAC + Compressors (single acting, double acting, volumetric efficiency, mass flow )
  • .       HT – Resistance concepts, Energy balance concept, Emissivity concepts(shape factors),LMTD, NTU
  • .       Compressible: normal shock, flow in nozzles (choking)
  • .       Fluid Machinery: Velocity Diagrams, Gen Formula for WD, efficiency


  • Balancing – rots, Reciprocating( Coupled, Uncoupled), Inline, V, Radial
  • Flywheels, Governors, Gears, Gear Trains, Vibrations (fundas)
  • MD: Belt Drives, Cotter, Power Screw
  • MOS: Beams, torsion, thin vessel, failure theories, columns
  • Fe-C Diagram –should be able to make it and explain all micro constituents
  • PE: PM, HERF, EDM, Thermit, Arc, Modern welding, Casting, Metal cutting
  • IE/OR: forecasting, jhonson, line balancing, Queus, PERT/CPM,TP, AP, LPP

Tuesday, March 17, 2015

Frequently Asked Questions by an IES Aspirant

These questions were asked by me to a topper when I was preparing and he answered as under. Thought to share it with you all.

Ways and means to fetch more marks in Conventionals ?

You have to be specific in conventionals. I recall that I had written very to the point answers. There were some 2 markers too where I had written just couple of lines answers. In numericals, i used to write down given data, then assumptions (if any), then a figure and after that it was plain solving without much explanation. I am not sure if this is correct strategy, but I did that. 
-How to deal with sticky theory questions, how much is sufficient ?

As I said, give correct and to the point answers. Write pointwise if possible. Don't give unnecessary details.  
-Any strategies for compulsory question for 20 small 2 mark questions in Paper -II !

 - I have answered that one above.  
-Similar strategies for Paper-I ?

As outlined above 
-Any plans for General Studies for IES...!!

I was lucky here as I was preparing for civils at that time. However, I believe you should concentrate on it as in the case you get low score in other papers, this paper helps you. You can see the last 10 years papers and ensure that you are comfortable answering them. That means you would be reading some extra books, so weigh in the cost/benefit ratio as GS is only half of General ability paper. I think if you study Tata Mc Graw Hill's general studies book that should do. However, I am not aware of latest trend. So see the trend and decide. I don't think you have enough time to prepare like civil services aspirants, who read many books on the subject, each dedicated for one topic like polity, history etc. Don't take too much pain too, because if you are really good in engineering subjects, you can make do with relatively less preparations here. But be wary, this might change your ranking. 

Thursday, February 19, 2015

Probable Changes in UPSC Engineering Services Exam (IES)

Time has come that reforms will touch coveted Engineering Services Exam also. Very soon we would witness following changes in the selection process and joining date for all services who join through UPSC ESE. 

Considering large number of candidates writing the exam and the figure increasing every year, it is quite likely that a screening exam called "Preliminary Exam" may be included to filter serious candidates out of lacs of candidates who write UPSC-IES every year. But good news is that marks of objective type pre exam would be counted for final merit list. 

New avatar of Pre Exam would include two papers - GAT & Engineering Discipline. Total marks 400

Those who would clear the pre exam would fill DAF for mains exam and format of mains exam would be as under:
Paper 1: GS & English
Paper 2: Hindi & Rajbhasha (qualifying)
Paper3: Engineering-I
Paper4: Engineering -II

Total mains : 600

Interview marks : 200

Total : 1200 

Process would be reshuffled so as to give joining date of 01.04.xx for all services viz IRSME, IRSS, IRSE, IRSEE, IRSSE. 

Above suggestions are under consideration and will take time to get implemented.

Be ready !!

Sunday, October 05, 2014

Strategies for Cracking UPSC-IES, GATE Exams

Ever since I have cracked (IES: AIR 14, GATE: Rank 64) these two sacred exams for Engineers, I feel contented as far as clearing exams are concerned. But I have learnt a lot from the competition inherent in these exams. Lacs of candidates, millions of coaching institutes and zillions of aspiring souls in the form of parents of these candidates. These parents spend lacs on the coaching of their budding engineering sons/daughters just to satisfy themselves that they have done their duty. 

According to me, if a candidate has completed his engineering or if candidate is a final year student of Engineering - Coaching is not required atleast for cracking GATE or IES !!

GATE: Its an aptitude exam for checking that graduates have acquired requisite skills expected from an qualified Engineer. 

IES: Its a comprehensive exam which checks the ability of graduates to take up Group A Services of Govt of India. It is more than aptitude exam and to me it appears to me as attitude exam. Exams continues for 3 days and 5 papers - take a toll on aspirants.

Strategies for cracking these exams-

  • Analyse the syllabus- You are not supposed to do Phd in Engineering but you need to know about the syllabus. Going through the syllabus in the first go defines your territory and makes you comfortable. Explode the possible contents under particular topic and make a comprehensive syllabus (customized) for you for the whole exam.

  • Analyse Past Year Question Papers: Next Step should be analyzing the past question papers because this defines the lanes in the defined territory in the syllabus zone. There must be any roads frequently traveled and many less traveled. But you have to travel according to your comfort. Where and how deep to go in the particular lane depends on the number of questions and frequency on the particular topic corresponding to the lane. This exercise is necessary just to avoid entering into cul-de-sac simply because it is waste of time and you will have to come back on the same road leading to wastage of time.

  • Analyse Toppers marks: This is most important step as this would define which hotel to chose to stay and for how long in the lanes of defined territory discussed above. Here you would find that a topper with rank 5 has scored 150 in GAT & Interview with very less marks in other papers and similarly you would also find toppers with very less marks in GAT but very high marks in Conventional. Top 20 marks mix is quite interesting and you have to identify your pattern from this. 

  • Define your Plan , Time Table : With this much up your sleeves, define your plan and make a comprehensive time table by dividing entire syllabus into small modules & start preparing according to the defined plan. 
With this strategy, you would maximize your strengths and crack the exam according to your wish. 

Wednesday, October 01, 2014

Elements of Computation for IES -Dbase-III


Database Organization: SORT, INDEX
SORT Command
·   The SORT command gives us the ability to copy the record and structure of a database to another database.
·   Files can be arranged in either ascending order or descending order by using SORT command.
·   Sort command can be used in multiple fields for data arrangement.
·   SORT command creates a new database file. But the new file contains records of the original database file only the order is different.

INDEX command
·   Index command can also be used to organize a data file. When you index a database, you ask dBASE to create a separate and smaller file based upon designated fields in the database.
·   The index command does not create a new database file. It creates an index file for the database with a default extension (.NDX).
·   Unlike SORT command however INDEX does not permit the user to arrange the data in descending order

Sort Command
Index command
· Creates a new database file
Does not create a new file
· Arranges the records in ascending and descending order
Arranges the records only in ascending order
· File extension is .DBF
File extension is .NDX
· Slower than index command
Faster than   sort command
· Renumbers records
Does not renumber records

FIND and SEEK Commands
·   The FIND and SEEK commands both are used in indexed database.
·   FIND operates with character strings, while SEEK operates with either character string or numeric values.
·   The SEEK command like FIND command also works only with an index file. When you SEEK command with strings, you must use quotes.

COUNT Command
·   The COUNT command helps in finding the number of records in the active database that meet a given condition.

LOCATE Command
·   The LOCATE command is used to find the records in a database which satisfy certain conditions.

The Record Pointer
How did the EDIT command display only the 5th record? This can be explained by the concept of a record pointer that is maintained for each file opened by dBASEIII+.



The REPLACEcommand is used to REPLACE the contents of one or more specified field either the current record or all record, depending on the form of the command.

BROWSE Command
BROWSE command gives an option of adding new records. The BROWSE command also provides the option of displaying and modifying selective fields

The MODIFY STRUCTURE command helps to change the structure of an active database file. The command:

·   The delete command marks the current record for deletion
·   Now delete all the records in the active database file BIODATA. You will find an asterisk (*) against the records marked for deletion.
·   PACK CommandThis command removes records permanently from the database file. Once packed a record cannot be recovered. Deleting records in dBASEIII+ is a two step process. The records are first marked for deletion with the DELETE command, and then removed permanently from the file by PACK command

Let us take the following example
Next if you give LIST command then you will not find record 3 in database.

RECALL Command
The RECALL command is used to unmark those records that were marked for deletion with DELETE command. Like DELETE command, RECALL has several forms.

SELECT command
To allot work areas for different files in dBASE. dBASE assigns numbers 1 to 10 or characters A to J to these work areas. The general form of the SELECT command is

.SELECT workarea
.USE filename

ALIAS Names for Database Files
dBASE has got a facility to give an alternate or an ALIAS name to a database file dB1

This command is used to link two database files with or without a common field between them

When several files are in use by the SELECT command, the file that is selected last is called the active file and other files are called non-active files

1.       How many databases can be used simultaneously in dBASE III+?  10 DATABASES
2.       Give the name of the first work area used in dBASE III+. A
3.       Which command is used to select a work area in dBASE III+?   SELECT
4.       Differentiate between active and non-active files.
5.       Choose the correct answer:
(a) What is the maximum number of work areas that can be used in dBASE
       (i) 20               (ii) 10              (iii) 5       (iv) 9
(b) The first work area in dBASE is referred as
       (i) W -area   (ii) ‘A’             (iii)  ‘A-J’  (iv) none of the above

1.  10 databases
2.  The first work area in database is A.
3.  SELECT command
4.  The file that is selected last is called the active file and other files are called non-active files.
5.   (a)  ii  (b)  ii


1.  Which command is used for report creation?
2.  What are the sub-menus of COLUMNS menu?
3.    Choose the correct answer
    (a) The extension name for Report file is
       (i)  .NDX    (ii) .DBF  (iii) .FRM (iv) .PRG
    (b)  How many items dBASE displays in the main menu of Report generation?
       (i) 2    (ii)  7(iii) 5  (iv)  none of the above

1.  CREATE or MODIFY commands are used in report creation.
2.  Contents, Heading, Width, Decimal places, Total This Column are five sub menus of COLUMNS menu.
3.  (a) iii      (b) iii


The WAIT command suspends processing of a program and waits for the user to press any key. It accepts only a single keystroke and does not require the ENTER key to be pressed. 

Tuesday, September 16, 2014

A day before UPSC-Engineering Services Exam

One of the toughest day- if I can recall. IES exam is spread on three days -Friday, Saturday & Sunday to test your abilities through 5 papers- GAT, Paper-I (Obj), Paper-II (Obj), Conventional Paper-I, Conventional Paper-II. Torture continues till Sunday !

When I concluded my preparations, I had no idea whether I would be able to make it to the elite list of IES qualifiers. But to some extent I was satisfied with my performance, this I thought made me comfortable. Never ever think of end results- just have faith in you and your capabilities which you have build through the preparations in the last 6-7 months or so. 

During the preparations I had prepared two small notebooks in which I used to write important concepts and formula to revise them frequently. But before exam day when you have to solve Conventional Papers that too in Mechanical Engineering that too for Engineering Services- everything seems inadequate and so was my note book. I read it, re-read it and kept it aside and started thinking of how to consolidate my thinking process and how to manage my time well during the exam. 

A day before exam you cant do more than this. We can just calm our soul to perform. But in an competitive scenario even a topper (like me) is not sure of his performance. I simply revised my notes whatever I could, and then thought of reading the inspirational and motivational stories through internet and blogs. I always used to motivate myself by reading blogs and success stories of past IES toppers, that is why I have started writing my personalized experiences for future IES aspirants.

Examination begins with GAT on first day -hence load was not much but vastness of General Studies always affects the confidence since I never prepared for Civil Services because for me- remaining in Technical Services of the same level appealed more rather than doing something not of my area. However, as I was comfortable with General English and Vocabulary part -my stress for GAT was relatively less. 

Bottom line is -never leave anything to study till the exam day. Optimally your preparations, your test series etc -should finish a week before the exam. Nothing should be tested in those last days and one should avoid discussions with so called bright well prepared candidates who would do nothing good to you but there is chance that you may get disappointed of not knowing something just before the exam !

So just chill and relax, listen to music, spend time with your loved ones and crack the exam.